Altered minds: mescaline’s complicated history

nature | May 20, 2019

Altered minds: mescaline’s complicated history
Pharmacologists gave mescaline a fair trial. In the early and mid-twentieth century, it seemed more than plausible that the fashionable hallucinogen could be tamed into a therapeutic agent. After all, it had profound effects on the human body, and had been used for centuries in parts of the Americas as a gateway to ceremonial spiritual experience. But this psychoactive alkaloid never found its clinical indication, as science writer Mike Jay explains in Mescaline, his anthropological and medical history. In the 1950s, the attention of biomedical researchers abruptly switched to a newly synthesized molecule with similar hallucinogenic properties but fewer physical side effects: lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD. First synthesized by Swiss scientist Albert Hofmann in 1938, LSD went on to become a recreational drug of choice in the 1960s hippy era. And, like mescaline, it teased psychiatrists without delivering a cure.

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Cancer drugs constitute the second biggest category of drugs sold in the U.S. Worldwide, sales of cancer drugs are forecast to grow steadily, driven by the aging population and by opportunities for earlier therapeutic intervention using more effective therapies, which open the door for possible long-term disease management and control.

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PHARMA TECH

MyMD Pharmaceuticals Announces Issuance of U.S. Patent Covering Lead Drug Candidate MYMD-1 in a Method of Extending Lifespan

MyMD | November 24, 2021

MyMD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. a clinical stage pharmaceutical company committed to extending healthy lifespan by delaying aging, announced that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) today issued U.S. Patent 11,179,382 B2, titled “Methods of Reversing Normal Aging Process and Extending Lifespan.” The allowed claims protect the use of MYMD-1 in a method designed to extend the lifespan of an individual. “This patent is a timely addition to our IP portfolio as we advance toward the launch of our fully funded Phase 2 trial of MYMD-1 for aging. After a comprehensive review by USPTO, we are pleased with the broad scope of the granted claims which offer further protection for our lead drug candidate, which we believe has the potential to become the first and only FDA-approved therapeutic solution for delaying aging and prolonging healthy lifespan,” Chris Chapman, M.D., President, Director and Chief Medical Officer of MyMD “Our primary focus for MYMD-1 is to slow the aging process, prevent sarcopenia and frailty, and extend healthy lifespan,” Dr. Chapman added. “It’s also important to note that MYMD-1 shows promise in pre-clinical studies as a treatment for immune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and as an anti-fibrotic and anti-proliferation therapeutic.” The latest patent adds to MyMD’s intellectual property portfolio of 14 granted patents (12 U.S. and two foreign) covering MYMD-1 in methods of treating chronic inflammation, autoimmune disorders, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, viral infections, addictions, fibrosis, asthma, and other disorders. MyMD also holds two patents for its synthetic cannabidiol (CBD) derivative Supera-CBD. An additional 30 patent applications are pending worldwide. About MYMD-1 Originally developed for autoimmune diseases, MYMD-1’s primary purpose is to slow the aging process, prevent sarcopenia and frailty, and extend healthy lifespan. Because it can cross the blood-brain barrier and gain access to the central nervous system (CNS), MYMD-1 is also positioned to be a possible treatment for brain-related disorders. Its mechanism of action and efficacy in diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS) and thyroiditis have been studied through collaborations with several academic institutions. MYMD-1 is also showing promise in pre-clinical studies as a potential treatment for post- COVID-19 complications and as an anti-fibrotic and anti-proliferation therapeutic. MYMD-1 has shown effectiveness in pre-clinical studies in regulating the immune system by performing as a selective inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), a driver of chronic inflammation. Unlike other therapies, MYMD-1 has been shown to selectively block TNF-α when it becomes overactivated in autoimmune diseases and cytokine storms, but not block it from doing its normal job of being a first responder to any routine type of moderate infection. MYMD-1’s ease of oral dosing is another differentiator compared to currently available TNF-α blockers, all of which require delivery by injection or infusion. No approved TNF inhibitor has ever been dosed orally. In addition, the drug is not immunosuppressive and has not been shown to cause the serious side effects common with traditional therapies that treat inflammation. About MyMD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. MyMD Pharmaceuticals, Inc. a clinical stage pharmaceutical company committed to extending healthy lifespan, is focused on developing two novel therapeutic platforms that treat the causes of disease rather than only addressing the symptoms. MYMD-1 is a drug platform based on a clinical stage small molecule that regulates the immune system to control TNF-α, which drives chronic inflammation, and other pro-inflammatory cell signaling cytokines. MYMD-1 is being developed to delay aging, increase longevity, and treat autoimmune diseases and COVID-19- associated depression. The Company’s second drug platform, Supera-CBD, is being developed to treat chronic pain, addiction and epilepsy. Supera-CBD is a novel synthetic derivative of cannabidiol (CBD) and is being developed to address and improve upon the rapidly growing CBD market, which includes both FDA approved drugs and CBD products not currently regulated as drugs.

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PHARMACY MARKET

Novartis' Sandoz spotlights importance of generic drugs in new social campaign

Novartis | December 17, 2020

Did you realize that 90% of remedies are composed for nonexclusive medications? Novartis' Sandoz is getting the news out about nonexclusive medication with such realities in its as of late dispatched "Request Generics" crusade. It's Sandoz's first significant instruction and mindfulness crusade via online media to advance the estimation of generics. The intended interest group is key partners—patients, clinicians, policymakers and payers—with messages running on LinkedIn and Twitter. Sandoz plans to run the mission through the finish of the principal quarter, perhaps more, contingent upon results. It's as of now chipping away at a second stage that will move center to biosimilar adaptations of marked biologic medications. "Generics are assuming a truly significant job, and I believe it's ideal planning currently to discuss the significant job generics play in a well-working medical care framework," said Carol Lynch, Sandoz's U.S. president and head of North America. Other than featuring the pervasiveness of generics, the online media posts promote their reasonableness and their status as firmly directed items—as protected and powerful as their image name partners. The moderateness and security messages are significant, alongside the general token of the opposition generics give in the commercial center. The duplicates of costlier marked medications help to make "a sound serious market that is directed to patients having expanded admittance to the prescriptions they need," Lynch said. Nonexclusive medications saved the U.S. medical services framework $313 billion a year ago, as per the 2020 yearly report of conventional and biosimilar access and reserve funds in the U.S. from the Association for Accessible Medicines, a generics industry exchange gathering.

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BUSINESS INSIGHTS

Xeris Pharmaceuticals Strengthens Its Patent Estate

XERIS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. | August 20, 2021

Xeris Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a pharmaceutical company leveraging its novel formulation technology platforms to develop and commercialize ready-to-use injectable and infusible drug formulations, today announced that it has recently been granted three new patents relating to its formulation technology platforms. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office granted U.S. Patent Nos. 10,987,399 and 11,020,403 to Xeris, and the China Intellectual Property Office granted Chinese Patent No. ZL201580042185.5 to Xeris. The US ‘399 patent covers storage-stable formulations of pramlintide, and the US ‘403 patent covers storage-stable formulations of benzodiazepines, both using Xeris’ proprietary XeriSol™ formulation technology. The Chinese ’185.5 patent covers pre-filled syringes containing a variety of active pharmaceutical ingredients, using Xeris’ proprietary XeriJect™ technology. These patents, and related patent applications that are pending in these and other patent offices around the world, also cover the uses of such products in treating a variety of diseases and disorders including diabetes. “Our strategy as a platform company is to patent early and often to continue to strengthen our position as a product development and formulation company. These new patent grants represent a significant expansion of Xeris’ intellectual property portfolio and help us to continue to invest in our innovation into life-saving therapies that can benefit patients worldwide,” said Paul R. Edick, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Xeris Pharmaceuticals. “With the recent opening of our Research & Development center in Chicago, led by our Chief Scientific Officer and Xeris co-founder Dr. Steve Prestrelski, we anticipate that we will continue to develop and bring to the market novel solutions for treating and preventing a variety of human diseases and disorders, improving the quality of life for our patients and their families.” The granting of these patents expands the size of Xeris growing patent portfolio, bringing the total number of patents granted to Xeris worldwide to 121 (16 of which have been granted in the US). In addition to these new patent grants, Xeris has 120 patent applications pending worldwide, and expects to receive patent grants on several of those pending applications within the next several months. These patent grants, which provide Xeris the right to exclude others from making, selling, and using its proprietary technologies, will provide patent protection to Xeris on its proprietary pharmaceutical products for at least the next decade. All patents are owned by Xeris. About Xeris Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Xeris is a pharmaceutical company delivering innovative solutions to simplify the experience of administering important therapies that people rely on every day around the world. With a novel technology platform that enables ready-to-use, room-temperature stable formulations of injectable drug products, the company is advancing a portfolio of solutions in various therapeutic categories, including its first commercial product, Gvoke® in the U.S. Its proprietary XeriSol™ and XeriJect™ formulation technologies have the potential to offer distinct advantages over conventional product formulations, including eliminating the need for reconstitution, enabling long-term, room-temperature stability, significantly reducing injection volume, and eliminating the requirement for intravenous (IV) infusion. With Xeris’ technology, new product formulations are designed to be easier to use by patients, caregivers, and health practitioners and help reduce costs for payers and the healthcare system.

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Spotlight

Cancer drugs constitute the second biggest category of drugs sold in the U.S. Worldwide, sales of cancer drugs are forecast to grow steadily, driven by the aging population and by opportunities for earlier therapeutic intervention using more effective therapies, which open the door for possible long-term disease management and control.