The role that nanoparticles play in the rapidly developing field of ‘NanoMedicine’ has been discussed previously in Chapter 5. In this Chapter, we review the specificmechanisms by which such nanoparticles are designed and formulated and in which NTA has had a significant part to play. Thus, Villaverde (2011) reviewed the emergence of nanoparticles in translational science and medicine and Banerjee et al. (2010) had focused on the role and biomedical applications that magnetic nanoparticles play in that nanomedicine. Similarly, the impact and biomedical applications of a different specific subset of nanoparticles, nanostructured carbiobeads, has also been reviewed (Stanishevsky et al., 2011).