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Intelligent drug discovery: Powered by AI

November 08, 2019 / FRANCESCA PROPERZI

Drug discovery is the process of identifying new medicines for treating or curing human diseases. While drug discovery has led to many life-saving and life-enhancing clinical treatments, historically the process has also been long, expensive, and often unsuccessful, with many areas of unmet need still to be addressed. The majority of drugs discovered during the 20th century were chemically synthesised small molecules, which still make up 90 per cent of drugs on the market today. Their advantages include simpler manufacturing and administration routes. They also have low specificity and a stable shelf life, meaning they are safe and effective for large groups of people. However, low specificity can also lead to side effects, reducing the chances of success in clinical trials.