Diabetes: Could targeting this protein prevent hypoglycemia?

CATHARINE PADDOCK | April 8, 2019

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People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who take insulin have a higher risk of developing hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Now, a study of how a protein works in the pancreas could lead to new treatments for protecting against the potentially life-threatening condition. Researchers may have found a way to prevent hypoglycemia in people with diabetes. Dr. Gina L. C. Yosten, who is an assistant professor of pharmacology and physiology at Saint Louis University in Missouri, and her team discovered the protein, which has the name neuronostatin, in earlier work. They found that neuronostatin could prevent hypoglycemia by getting the pancreas to raise blood sugar in two ways. One way is to make less insulin, which is a hormone that reduces blood sugar, and the other is to produce more glucagon, a hormone that increases blood sugar.

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